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General Materials Research Medicinal Science

Nanobiotechnology and Biomaterials in Nuclear Medicine – special issue

Nuclear Medicine, a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances and magnetic materials in the diagnosis and treatment of disease have been highly successful in diagnosis of difficult to detect diseases and therapy of various dreaded diseases. Recently, there have been a tremendous research progress in development of newer methods, conjugates and pharmaceuticals for diagnosis and therapy using nanomaterials and nanomedicine approaches in radioactive materials.

The purpose of this special issue proposal is to summarize the recent advances in the field of new NanoMedicinal and Nanobiotechnological advances in development of probes and materials for potential molecular targets and understanding of their mechanism of actions, new radioconjugates development using nanobiomaterials, clinical evaluation and application of new Nano-radiopharmaceuticals, and new techniques/therapy development using Biomaterials. Recent progress will be covered through research articles, review articles and short communications.

The subtopics to be covered in this issue are (though not limited to):

NanoChemistry of new radioactive elements.
– Organic chemistry of Nano-radiopharmaceuticals, chelating agents and standalone Nano-radiopharmaceuticals.
– Progress in SPECT using Nanobiomaterials.
– Progress in Nano-Positron Emission Tomography (nanoPET).
– Application of nanoscience and nanotechnology to Nuclear Medicine.
– Identification of new therapeutic targets.
– Treatment advances of various diseases – cancer, infections, inflammations etc using nano-radiopharmaceuticals.
– Clinical studies and evaluation of nano-radiopharmaceuticals.
– Malarial/mycobacterial/microbial/viral diagnosis and therapy development using nano(bio)materials including biochemical aspects of nano-biomaterials.
– Therapeutic and diagnostic applications of new nano and biomaterials.
– New therapeutic policies and emerging targets for Nuclear nanoMedicine.
– New approaches adopted for the development of nanomedicine of new radiodiagnostic and radiotherapeutic molecules.
– Rational design and drug discovery-Structure-activity relationship (SAR).
NanoDrug Delivery of radiopharmaceuticals – application of different nanobiotechnology conjugates and systems in radiopharmaceuticals.
– Synthetic strategies of new radioactive conjugate molecules.
– Molecular self-assembly as drug delivery carriers of radiopharmaceuticals – Nanotechnology and Biotechnology.
– Environmental aspects, safety measures advances in nuclear medicine.

Provisional Schedule:

Manuscript submission: Submission open and ongoing now.
Issue Completion: August 2020.

Editors:

Dr. Anil Mishra
Dr. Anil Kumar Mishra
Scientist ‘G’ and Add Director,
Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Science,
DRDO, Timarpur, Delhi. India
Dr. B.S. Chhikara,
University of Delhi
email: drbs @ aditi. du.ac.in

Nuclear and Nano-Medicine researchers are invited to submit their research / review article for this special issue. Manuscript should be prepared and submitted as per author guidelines provided on journal site.

Important Links:

Author Guidelines for preparation of manuscript:

Manuscript template (download): Download template MS word 2007-2010, Citation manager style files and other details are provided in author guidelines section on journal site.

http://thesciencein.org/author-guidelines-for-journal-of-nanomedicine section -nanomaterials-materials-nanoscience/

Manuscript Submission: Authors need to submit their manuscript on http://thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns/about/submissions OR http://pubs.iscience.in/journal/index.php/cbl/about/submissions (India-regional site).

There is no fees for publication in special issue or journal.

Categories
Articles

Novel synthesis and Optical investigation of trivalent Europium doped MGd2Si3O10 (M = Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+) nanophosphors for full-color displays

urn:nbn:sciencein.jmns.2019v6.109

Novel synthesis and Optical investigation of trivalent Europium doped MGd2Si3O10 (M = Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+) nanophosphors for full-color displays

Published in Journal of Materials NanoScience

  • Suman Sheoran M.D. University
  • Sitender Singh M.D. University
  • Ajay Mann M.D. University
  • Anura Samantilleke Universidade of Minho
  • Bernabe Mani Universitat Politecnica de Valencia
  • Devender Singh M.D. University

Keywords: nanophosphors, displays, lanthanide, luminescence, composites, LED

Abstract

A series of Eu3+ doped MGd2Si3O10 (M = Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+) was synthesized via sol-gel procedure at 950 oC. The optical characteristics of the materials were studied by Photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra. Upon 395 nm excitation and at 0.03 mole concentration of Eu3+ ion, these nanophosphors display optimum photoluminescence with most intense peak due to 5D07F2 (614-616) of dopant. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis proves that all synthesized materials are of crystalline nature and crystallinity improves on increasing temperature. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) exhibited the spherical shape of particles in 13-30 nm size. Fourier Transformation infrared (FTIR) spectra showed peaks in 400-1000 cm-1 corresponding to gadolinium-oxygen and silicon-oxygen bond vibrations. In BaGd2Si3O10 material, Gd-O vibration is centered at 492 cm-1 and absorption band at 855 cm-1 is result of asymmetric vibrations of SiO in silicate tetrahedral unit. Due to excellent photoluminescence and suitable CIE coordinates, these materials could have brilliant applications in innovative displays.

Research Highlights

  • Series of trivalent europium doped MGd2Si3O10 (M = Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+)fluorescent materials were synthesized successfully with sol-gel procedure.
  • The prepared samples were characterized using Photoluminescence analysis, X-ray diffraction study, Transmission Electron Microscopic analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy.
  • The CIE color coordinates values of phosphor confirmed the red color of complex approving the PL results.
  • X-ray diffraction pattern of these materials determined the particle size using Debye Scherrer’s equation.
  • Excellent photoluminescence response and nano size of these materials made them suitable for various innovative display applications.

Cite as: Sheoran, S., Singh, S., Mann, A., Samantilleke, A., Mani, B., & Singh, D. (2019). Novel synthesis and Optical investigation of trivalent Europium doped MGd2Si3O10 (M = Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+) nanophosphors for full-color displays. Journal of Materials NanoScience, 6(2), 73-81.

Retrieve full text from http://thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns/article/view/88

http://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns/article/view/109

http://pubs.iscience.in/journal/index.php/jmns/article/view/932

Categories
Articles

Critical evaluation of pharmaceutical rational design of Nano-Delivery systems for Doxorubicin in Cancer therapy

Critical evaluation of pharmaceutical rational design of Nano-Delivery systems for Doxorubicin in Cancer therapy

Published in: Journal of Materials NanoScience

urn:nbn:sciencein.jmns.2019v6.95

Running title: Rationale of designing of nanoparticular delivery systems and impact of chemistry used with doxorubicin for anti-cancer therapy

  • Bhupender S. Chhikara University of Delhi
  • Brijesh Rathi University of Delhi
  • Keykavous Parang Chapman University

Keywords: Adriamycin, Cancer Drug, CPP, Drug Delivery System, Lipophilic Dox, TAT peptide

Abstract

Doxorubicin (Dox), an antineoplastic drug, has been extensively used for the treatment of different cancers. Dox is hydrophilic and therefore distributes to normal organs at a faster rate. Due to its required high doses, it poses severe toxicity, such as cardiotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Diverse approaches, including nanoparticulate delivery systems, have been designed and evaluated to improve its delivery to the target site and reduce toxicity to normal organs; however, this has met little success. Here in this review, we have discussed various systems (metal nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, liposomes, dendrimers, cyclic peptides, and other covalent/non-covalent systems) that have been used for Dox. We have critically evaluated their designing and outcome (in vitro and in vivo) with potential applications in the clinical setting.

Cite as: Chhikara, B., Rathi, B., & Parang, K. (2019). Critical evaluation of pharmaceutical rational design of Nano-Delivery systems for Doxorubicin in Cancer therapy. Journal of Materials NanoScience, 6(2), 47-66.

Retrieved full text from http://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns/article/view/95

Categories
Journals

Photonics and Phononics Research Advances | Special issue of Materials NanoScience

The interaction and properties of light and heat with nanomaterials has brought new insights in the field of nanotechnology and nanoscience development. The recent advances of Photonics and Phononics of nanomaterials in form of research and review articles as thematic coverage of field to enlighten the knowledge of scholars span the subfield (though not limited to):

Nanophotonics of natural materials

Principles of nanophotonics

Near Field Optics Advances

SERS of 2D nanomaterilas

Computational nanophotonics

Static state computation of nanomaterials

Plasmonics

Metamaterials

Optical processor and chip development

Molecular nanophotonics

Tip Enhances Raman Spectroscopy TERS of 2D materials

Hybrid Nanophotonics

Fabrication of Nanophotonics

Nanophotonic Bioimaging

Nanophotonics Therapy

Chemistry of nanophotonics and nanophononics

Nanophotonics fluidic applications

Nanophotonics of metalic nanoparticles

Colloidal particle engineering

photonics crystals

lithography

How to submit

The manuscript should be submitted online on the journal site (select Nanophotonics and Nanophononics section during submission) at http://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns . The author guidelines and manuscript template is provided on the journal site.

Last date of submission: Submission ongoing

Categories
Articles

Nanochemistry and Nanocatalysis Science: Research advances and future perspective

urn:nbn:sciencein.jmns.2019v6.88

Nanochemistry and Nanocatalysis Science: Research advances and future perspective

Bhupender S. Chhikara, Rajender S. Varma

The development of nanomaterials has made its mark in nanocatalytic applications and ensuing plethora of nanotechnological advances. The size-dependent chemistry of nanomaterials and consequent controlled and designed synthesis of smart materials with desired end application has provided us a number of new products recently which are already making impact on quality of human life. The fundamental nano paradigm shift would influence future research advances in field of nanoscience chemistry, ranging from drug delivery to exquisite designs of novel catalysts that drive innovations in chemical synthesis and transformations.  The nanoscience is an interdisciplinary field that will see increased role in the diverse and emerging newer areas like artificial intelligence; nanochemistry would help speed up the development of applications in the real world with artificial intelligence.

Full text link: http://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns/article/view/88

Categories
General

Haryana Vigyan Ratan Award 2019

It is a pride moment for ScienceIn family, editors, scientists and researchers that Dr. Rajender S Varma, the editor of JMNS and emeritus scientist, Environmental Protection Agency, USA has been awarded Haryana Vigyan Ratan Award (translation: Haryana Science Jewel Award) 2017 on February 28, 2019 at Haryana Raj Bhawan, Chandigarh. Dr. Varma has been given this recognition for his enormous research contribution in Green Chemistry, Catalysis, NanoScience-nanomaterials, nanochemistry, nanocatalysis. Prof. Rajender (Raj) S. Varma did Ph.D. from Delhi University in 1976. He is Editor of Journal of Materials NanoScience, advisory board member of several international journals and has published over 470 scientific papers and awarded 16 US Patents, 8 books, 27 book chapters and 3 encyclopedia contributions with over ~ 31,000 citations. He is highly accomplished researcher with high citations to his work having H -Index 96. Dr. Varma hail from a village in haryana (now in punjab). On receiving the award he said “It is a proud moment for a country boy”. It is a highest award from state government for scientists.

The Department of Science and Technology Haryana Government has instituted a highest honour for the contributions in field of scientific research with title “Haryana Vigya Ratan” to honor and acknowledge the contributions of researchers from Haryana and “Haryana Yuva Vigyan” Award for the recognition of young scientists.

Dr. Varma is editing a special section/issue on Nanochemistry and Nanocatalysis , researchers working in the field can contribute their research findings (research articles or review articles ) for consideration in the special section of the journal. More details available on Dr. Varma’s Nanochemistry special section Editor.


Dr. RS Varma receiving award from Governor of Haryana.

Haryana Vigyan Ratan Award Citation for Dr. RS Varma, Scientist EPA for contribution in Nanocatalysis, Green Chemistry
Categories
Journals

NanoCatalysis – Nanochemistry of Catalysts and Catalysis | Special issue of Journal of Materials NanoScience

#NanoCatalysis covers the development in new #chemistry for #nanocatalysts synthesis and applications. The chemistry in the field of nanocatalysis and nanocatalysts is advancing at a fast pace, #high-impact and bringing the new methodologies, chemical procedures for synthesis of nanocatalysts along with development of new type of nanocatalysts. The application field of #nanochemistry of catalysis is spreading to new areas including new nanocatalysis, surface chemistry of nanocatalysts, refining and development of catalysts for existing procedures, new nanoconjugates for higher catalytic activity, nanophysics of catalytic materials, new organic nanocatalysts, solution chemistry of nanocatalysts, and so on. A special issue covering the recent advances in chemistry of nanocatalysis will cover following fields:

  • Carbon based nanocatalysts: Nanofullerenes, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene,
  • Nanocatalysis – development of new nanocatalysts and applications thereof.
  • Nanoscience chemistry of metal catalyst materials
  • Chemistry of Nanoenergy materials
  • NanoChips (semiconductor designing and development using new materials chemistry)
  • Nanocatalysts/nanomaterials for Nanobattery and nanofuel cells
  • Inorganic Chemistry development in nanoparticle catalysts and applications thereof like gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, iron and magnetic nanoparticles, quantum dots, and other metal /alloy nanoparticles.
  • Nanocatalysts for biotechnology and Nanomedicine – Chemistry of Drug delivery systems
  • BioNanocatalysts: Chemistry and Biology of Biocatalysts
  • NanoEnzymes Chemistry
  • All other subfields of Nanocatalysts development and application

The articles are invited from Chemical Sciences fraternity for publication in special issue. The Review articles, Original Research Articles, Short Communication, Expert Opinion would be considered for processing in the issue.

Author Guidelines are provided on the link: JMNS Author Manuscript preparation Guidelines

Submission: Authors need to submit their manuscript as per author guidelines on the journal Editorial Manager /manuscript processing site http://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns (or alternatively can be submitted by email at pubs@thesciencein.org )

Last Date of Submissions: Ongoing

There is no publishing charges or APC for publishing in the journal.

Issue Editing by

Dr. RS Verma materials nanoscience Dr. Rajender S. Verma,
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
ORD, National Risk Management Research Laboratory
Water Systems Division/ Water Resources Recovery Branch
26 West Martin Luther King Drive, MS 443
Cincinnati, Ohio 45268, USA EB

Associate Editor and Senior Advisor

Research interest: NanoChemistry, Nanocatalysis, Nanoscience, nanomaterials.

Categories
Journals

Nanomaterials Frontier Highlights

Nanomaterials Frontiers is meant to cover exciting new and recent research advances in field of nanomaterials, smart materials development, new notable technological advances at nanometer scale research and path breaking research finding in nanomaterials advances. The Frontier research in nanomaterials covered from all literary sources highlighted as breakthrough findings in form of summarized reports ‘Nanomaterials Frontiers’ be published combined in print form of ‘Journal of Materials NanoScience’, however, selected highlights will be published online as well. The summarized highlights would provide a quick grasp of latest advances to scientists and young researchers.

Researchers are invited to submit the reports for covering in highlights/frontiers as small summary write up in simple lucid presentation (for easy understanding by novice researchers) extending upto 2 pages. The report should include new title and 2-3 pages/paragraphs summary along with references to original source. Selective images and created graphics may also be included in the report. The report author should also submit his/her biography (passport photograph and affiliation). Submit by email to pubs @ thesciencein .org or may submit by form below.

The editorial board reserve the right to select suitable highlight report for publication or not to consider.

[contact-form-7 id=”83″ title=”Frontiers”]

Categories
Articles

Synthesis and Biodegradation Study of Starch/PVA/Nanoclay Blend

urn:nbn:sciencein.jmns.2018v5.60

Synthesis and Biodegradation Study of Starch/PVA/Nanoclay Blend

Geeta Saini University of Delhi
Himani Chauhan University of Delhi
Aeshna Gupta University of Delhi
Disha Gangotia University of Delhi

Keywords: Food packaging, Nanoclay, Biodegradable, PVA, Starch
Abstract

In this research work, we have synthesized blend of starch/PVA/nanoclay via solution cast method. The composition of blend was starch and PVA in 1:1 ratio by weight with citric acid as plasticizer. The amount of nanoclay was varied between 0.5 to 2 wt%. The structure elucidation of the film by Scanning electron microscopy reveals homogeneous dispersion of nanoclay into polymer matrix. The biodegradation of the films were studied by soil burial method and enzymatic hydrolysis and it was found that completely biodegradable films were produced which could serve as potential candidate for food packaging.

Link http://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns/article/view/60

Categories
Articles

Herbal nanomedicine interactions to enhance pharmacokinetics, pharmaco-dynamics, and therapeutic index for better bioavailability and biocompatibility of herbal formulations

urn:nbn:sciencein.jmns.2018v5.61

Herbal nanomedicine interactions to enhance pharmacokinetics, pharmaco-dynamics, and therapeutic index for better bioavailability and biocompatibility of herbal formulations

Rajiv Kumar University of Delhi
Munesh Sharma Arogya Nidhi Ayurveda Clinic

Keywords: Phyto-medicine, Hydrophilicity, Nanocarriers, Drug Delivery
Abstract

The recent technological advancement in nanotechnology has opened new avenues for research and development in the field of phyto-medicine. Development of reliable and eco-friendly synthesis of nanoparticles is a significant advancement for introduction nanotechnology to develop noble nanomedical delivery system of herbs (HNMDS), and have to overcome the downsides of old-style herbs-medicines delivery through analyzing the interactions between nanocarriers and herbs or phyto-medicine. The application of nanotechnological methods for bioavailability and biocompatibility enhancement of phyto-medicine must be reviewed and need urgent prompt efforts to develop new formulations. Nanotechnology enables the combination of hitherto separate approaches to health care by permitting the realization of so-called ’theranostic’ applications, as well as targeted combination products. Formulation must also release active ingredient from phyto-formulation as developing nano dosage forms has number of benefits for phyto-medicine. This review discusses nano sized herbs-nanomedicines delivery carries and potential current and futuristic advances for enhancing the activity and overcoming problems associated with herbal medicines for novel HNMDS.

Link: http://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/jmns/article/view/61